The Militant (logo)  
   Vol. 70/No. 23           June 19, 2006  
25, 50 and 75 years ago
June 12, 1981
The Reagan administration is moving to strengthen the hand of South Africa’s apartheid regime in southern Africa, and to block the South African colony of Namibia from attaining genuine independence. It is also moving to increase military and other pressures against Angola.

A recently-released memorandum, dated February 7 and endorsed by Secretary of State Alexander Haig and the White House, purports to make the independence for Namibia contingent on the withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola and the admission of pro-South African guerrilla leaders into the Angolan government.

The independence scheme is a fake. South Africa’s racist regime is carrying out a bloody war aimed at suppressing the Southwest Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO). SWAPO has the support of the great majority of the people in its fight for genuine independence.  
June 11, 1956
The now-revealed text of Nikita S. Khrushchev’s secret speech to the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union exposes Stalin’s regime as the most brutal in all history and, at the same time, serves to undermine the rule of Khrushchev and the other leaders of the Kremlin bureaucracy who succeeded Stalin.

Well over half of the six-hour speech deals with the terror and frame-up system Stalin used to destroy first the Trotskyists and then all other opposition in what had once been the democratically-run party of Lenin.

To those, who for the past 20 years have defended the Moscow Trials with the argument, “They confessed their guilt, didn’t they?” and to the puzzled, who wondered aloud, “Why did they confess?” Khrushchev at last and officially gave the true answer. “Confessions of guilt,” he admitted, “were gained with the help of cruel and inhumane tortures.”  
June 1, 1931
Five hundred and ninety-seven army air machines soar over New York City in impressive war maneuvers, forming a spectacle which fascinated and thrilled thousands of onlookers. These maneuvers, in the words of chief of staff General MacArthur, “are not a ‘circus’ but a test of preparedness of the air branch of warfare.” (N.Y. Times, May 25, 1931). This air drill over the skyscrapers of N.Y. involving some six hundred planes and more than fourteen hundred men, cost the U.S. government the princely sum of $2,000,000. Aeroplanes are the instruments of the next war. The nations of the world realize this. In not one of their disarmament conferences, where the capitalist governments haggle and wrangle over the scrapping of obsolete and antiquated battleships, will they tolerate for a single moment the question of the reduction of air forces.  
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